Diabetes of the type 1

This kind of diabetes generally appears during childhood, with the adolescence or the beginning of the adulthood, seldom at the older people. It has been at the time of puberty that he generally declares himself, one however notes for
a few
years a renovation of this population. It is characterized by the complete lack of production of insulin. Approximately 10% of the diabetic 
people are of type 1


The true causes of the appearance of the diabetes of the type 1 remain unknown. In the majority of the cases, the producing cells of insulin (the cells beta), located in the pancreas, are destroyed by the immune system. One does not know what starts this attack nor why it begins. The researchers think that a genetic predisposition and certain factors related to the environment contribute to the development of the diabetes of the type

The diabetes of the type 1 was formerly known under the name of insulin dependent diabetes or youthful diabetes. The diabetic person of type 1 depends on daily injections of insulin or by means of a pump with insulin to ensure her survival


In most case, the symptoms of the diabetes of the type 1 can appear gradually or  suddenly

.Tire, somnolence
.Increase in the volume of the urines
.Intense thirst
.Exaggerated hunger
.Muddled vision
.Slow cicatrization
Infection of the genitals Tinglings with the fingers or the feet

.Change of character

The diabetes does not appear always in the same way, with the same intensity and all the sesymptoms.As of the appearance of one or several symptoms, consult a doctor.A blood test will determine with certainty your health status.If the symptoms are important, go to the hospital

:The diagnosis

Only a blood test made in laboratory will determine with certainty your health status.It will measure the rate of glucose (sugar) in blood

:Nobody diabetic

The values of reference suggested by the hot lines 2008 of clinical practice for the prevention and the assumption of responsibility of the diabetes to Canada are 
Glycemia, with jeun: 7 mmol/L and more
Glycemia, 2 hours after the ingestion of 75 G glucose: 11 mmol/L and more
Glycemia, constantly of the day: 11 mmol/L and more, with the classical symptoms
Nobody non-diabetic:  Glycemia, with jeun: less than 5.6 mmol/L

Glycemia, 2 hours after the ingestion of 75 G glucose less than 7.8 mmol/L

:Glycemia, constantly of the day

Sometimes, a second analysis becomes necessary in order to  confirm the got results

:The treatment

The diabetes is not cured. However, it can be controlled. The treatment of the diabetes of the type 1 understands a plan of food
physical-activity, and, in all the cases, of the daily insulin injections. A good management of the stress also contributes to the control of the disease
The type of treatment can vary from one person to another. The doctor will determine with

you that which is appropriate to you


Several factors can influence the treatment: the age, the weight, stress and the way of managing it, quantity of daily physical-activity and the type of work. In most case, it will be necessary to be injected several times per day or to use a pump with insulin. One speaks at this time about an intensive treatment 


The complications related to the diabetes have a common origin: the surplus of glucose in blood. After a certain time a too great quantity of glucose in blood has harmful effects on the kidneys (nephropathy), the eyes (retinopathy), the neurological system (neuropathy), the heart (infarction) and blood-vessels (hypertension, 
arteriosclerosis, ....etc
Other factors contribute to the appearance of the complications: the age, heredity, duration of the diabetes and practices of life. The complications of the diabetes can largely modify the life of a diabetic person. A good control of the glycemias makes it possible to delay and to sometimes even limit the appearance of the complications 


Unfortunately, it remains impossible to prevent the diabetes of the type 1. Research continues especially to understand the mechanisms leading to the destruction of the cells beta. The researchers 

also try to find a way of protecting them. However, these discoveries are useful in all the types of diabetes because they help with better understanding how begins and how the diabetes develops

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